About IITs - Indian Institutes of Technology
The Indian Institutes of Technology (popularly known as the IITs) are institutions of national importance established through an Act of Parliament for fostering excellence in education. There are fifteen IITs at present, located in Bhubaneswar, Bombay (Mumbai), Delhi, Gandhinagar, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras (Chennai), Mandi, Patna, Ropar, Jodhpur and Roorkee. Over the years IITs have created world class educational platforms dynamically sustained through internationally recognized research based on excellent infrastructural facilities. The faculty and alumni of IITs continue making a huge impact in all sectors of society, both in India and abroad. Banaras Hindu University (IT-BHU, now known as IIT-BHU since 2012), Varanasi and Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad, are amongst the oldest institutions in India and are known for their immense contributions towards society at large and for science and technology in particular.
The primary objectives behind such institutions are to:
- Build a solid foundation of scientific and technical knowledge and thus to prepare competent and motivated engineers and scientists.
- Create environment for freedom of thought, cultivate vision, encourage growth, develop personality and self- discipline for pursuit of excellence.
- Kindle entrepreneurial streak.
All of the above help to prepare the students admitted to these institutions for successful professional and social lives. Today, alumni of these institutions occupy key positions in industry and academia in India and abroad.
Each institute has well-equipped modern laboratories, state-of-the-art computer network and well stocked technical library. Teaching methods rely on direct personal contact between the teachers and the students and the use of traditional and modern instructional techniques. Students live in a pleasant and intellectually stimulating environment with people having similar goals and aspirations, which is an exciting and unique experience.
Credit-based academic programmes offer flexibility to students to progress at their own pace. A minimum level of performance is necessary for satisfactory progress. The medium of instruction is English. These institutions offer courses leading to Bachelor's degree in a number of engineering, technological and scientific disciplines. M.Sc. Integrated courses in pure and applied sciences and M.Tech. Integrated courses in a few disciplines are also offered by some of these Institutions. In addition, some IITs offer Dual-Degree M.Tech. programmes. The admissions to the Undergraduate Programmes at these institutions for all Indian and Foreign nationals are made through the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
IIT Bhuvaneshwar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Rajasthan, IIT Patna, IIT Punjab joined the elite list of the below seven premier technology institutions of the country and started operations in the year 2008. IIT Indore, IIT Mandi commenced their operations from the academic year 2009-2010.
IIT Kharagpur: The first Indian Institute of Technology was born in May 1950 in Hijli, Kharagpur, in the eastern part of India. The present name, Indian Institute of technology was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute on August 18, 1951, by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. The layout of the present campus is 2100 acres and the design of the building was carried out by a host of engineers and architects under the guidance of an eminent Swiss architect Dr. Werner M.Mosir. (http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/)
IIT Bombay: Since 1958, there has been dynamic progress at IIT Bombay in all academic and research activities, and a parallel improvement in facilities and infrastructure, to keep it at par with the best institutions in the world. IIT Bombay is a small township in itself. Consciously developed, the campus has retained and increased its green cover, rich natural flora and fauna.(http://www.iitb.ac.in/)
IIT Kanpur: IIT Kanpur is one of the premier institutions established by the Government of India. The aim of the Institute is to provide meaningful education, to conduct original research of the highest standard and to provide leadership in technological innovation for the industrial growth of the country. With the path-breaking innovations both in its curriculum and research, the institute is rapidly gaining a legendary reputation. In addition to offering formal Undergraduate and Post-Graduate programmes, the institute has been involved in Continuing Education and Research & Development in the areas of value to both the industry and the Government. (http://www.iitk.ac.in/)
IIT Madras: Established in the year 1959, it was the third in the line of Indian Institute of Technology setup for higher technical education in the country. The IITMadras, is among the foremost institutes of national importance in higher technological education and in basic and applied research. Institute’s self-contained campus is located in beautiful, wooded land of about 250 hectares in south Chennai. (http://www.iitm.ac.in/)
IIT Delhi: IIT Delhi is one of the seven institutes of technology created as centers of excellence for higher training, research and development in science, engineering and technology in India. Established as College of Engineering in 1961, the institute was later renamed “Indian Institute of Technology Delhi”. It was then accorded the status of a deemed university with powers to decide its own academic policy, to conduct its own examinations and to award its own degrees.(http://www.iitd.ac.in/)
IIT Guwahati: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, the 6th member of the IIT fraternity, was established in 1994. The academic programme of IIT Guwahati commenced in 1995. IIT Guwahati's campus is on a sprawling 285 hectares plot of land on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra around 20 kms. from the heart of the city. With the majestic Brahmaputra on one side, and with hills and vast open spaces on others, the campus provides an ideal setting for learning. (http://www.iitg.ac.in/)
IIT Roorkee: The institute which began as the Thompson College of Civil Engineering in 1847, became the University of Roorkee in 1949 and has been declared as the 7th Indian Institute of Technology in 2001. IIT Roorkee is spread over a sprawling area of more than 150 hectares and is situated in the newly formed state of Uttaranchal in the northern part of India. (http://www.iitr.ac.in/)
IIT-BHU: IT-BHU is the Engineering School of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). BHU is one of the oldest and largest educational institutions in Northern India. It was formerly known as BENCO (Banaras Engineering College) and celebrated its Platinum Jubilee in 1994. It is located on the banks of the river Ganga in the holy city of Varanasi (Banaras), Uttar Pradesh. (http://www.iitbhu.ac.in/)
IIT Dhanbad: The Indian School of Mines was formally opened on 9th December 1926. the development of ISM for the last 75 years has been taking place both vertically and horizontally and it became a Deemed University in 1967. (www.ismdhannbad.ac.in)